Home generators are designed to provide electricity during power outages or short-term failures. Home generators not only illuminate the house when there is a power failure, but, depending on their capacity, provide electricity to operate appliances such as air conditioners, refrigerators, ovens, televisions and heaters.
Home generators are available in two types: portable generator for apartment and stationary as backup generators. In the event of a power failure or power outage, small portable home generators can be used to operate some selected appliances, such as lighting, refrigerator, oven and sink. The generators are available in various sizes and capacities from 1 kilowatt to 100 kilowatts. Home generators run on diesel, gasoline, propane or natural gas. The cheapest is a portable gasoline engine.
The size and type of generator depends on the needs of the homeowner. Is it necessary to operate the whole house or just a few selected facilities? The total number of devices to be operated must be identified and the total power input must be added. Other electrical appliances, such as refrigerators and air conditioners, consume twice or three times the normal power input. A generator with a capacity higher than the maximum power required by the equipment must be selected. The total electric charge of the generator best home generators should not exceed the value estimated by the manufacturer. In addition, the generator must have the required rated voltage to operate 240 volt devices. A 5 kW generator is sufficient for home use and costs $ 600 up. Portable generators should not be connected to a home wiring. Use the recommended extension cord. Ropes that are too heavy can cause a fire. Do not place cords under carpets where they could be damaged. The electric charge on the containers must be balanced. Portable generators should be located outdoors. The carbon monoxide emitted by these generators can be dangerous to health. Always allow the generator to cool before refueling.
Home letterhead generators require the service of a professional or licensed electrical installation supplier. The generators are connected to the house wiring via an automatic switch. Stationary generators have an automatic performance monitoring system. If there is a power failure, the generator will automatically start supplying power and will automatically shut down when normal power is restored. Most generators run on natural gas and can be connected to the natural gas distribution in the house. This eliminates problems with tank generators. There are also models that run on LP gas and diesel. Generators from 8 kW to 17 kW are sufficient to power lights, computers, refrigerators, media devices, ovens and water heaters. The generator should be placed in a well-ventilated structure as it generates heat and smoke. Stationary generators can cost from $ 2,000 to $ 10,000, depending on the model.