Nolo’s Free Dictionary Of Law Terms and Legal Definitions

Read more about understanding the law here. Over 100 new entries have been added, including entries such as Article 50, Brexit, and the Consumer Rights Act 2016. In addition, there is a useful Writing and Citation Guide in the end matter that specifically addresses problems and established conventions for writing legal essays and reports.

Judges will generally “follow precedent” – meaning that they use the principles established in earlier cases to decide new cases that have similar facts and raise similar legal issues. A judge will disregard precedent if a party can show that the earlier case was wrongly decided, or that it differed in some significant way from the current case.

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Constitution, U.S. laws, rules or regulations, or a treaty signed by the U.S., and the federal courts have exclusive jurisdiction, then the case must be litigated in federal court. A legal dictionary contains the definitions of legal terms taken from a variety of sources.

About Federal Courts

Ordinance applies to an order governing some detail of procedure or conduct enforced by a limited authority such as a municipality. Regulation implies prescription by authority in order to control an organization or system.

Now providing more information than ever before, this edition features recommended web links for many entries, as well as including a list of general links in the end matter. Statement of intention A declaration made by a chapter 7 debtor concerning plans for dealing with consumer debts that are secured by property of the estate. Redemption A procedure in a Chapter 7 case whereby a debtor removes a secured creditor’s lien on collateral by paying the creditor the value of the property. Priority The Bankruptcy Code’s statutory ranking of unsecured claims that determines the order in which unsecured claims will be paid if there is not enough money to pay all unsecured claims in full. Petit jury A group of citizens who hear the evidence presented by both sides at trial and determine the facts in dispute. Federal criminal juries consist of 12 persons. Federal civil juries consist of at least six persons.

Treatment may include psychiatric, psychological, and sex offense-specific evaluations, inpatient or outpatient counseling, and medication. Liquidated claim A creditor’s claim for a fixed amount of money. Jurisdiction The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a certain type of case. It also is used as a synonym for venue, meaning the geographic area over which the court has territorial jurisdiction to decide cases. Information A formal accusation by a government attorney that the defendant committed a misdemeanor.

Unlike criminal matters and the policing of trades and markets, religious courts had no executive powers in matters of family law. I call the relevant facts “law-determining practices” rather than “legal decisions” because the term “decisions” tends to suggest judicial decisions in particular. The Utah Supreme Court has authorized Rocket Lawyer to provide legal services, including the practice of law, as a nonlawyer-owned company; further information regarding this authorization can be found in our Terms of Service. Legal information and other services are delivered by or through Rocket Lawyer via RocketLawyer.com. Several English and Russian legal dictionariesA law dictionary is a dictionary that is designed and compiled to give information about terms used in the field of law. Now in its ninth edition, this A–Z has been fully updated to incorporate the latest legislation, such as The Modern Slavery Act 2015, the EU referendum, and changes in consumer, immigration, and family law.